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War Horse Care in World War I Part 2

Moisturize

In muddy conditions, it can take up to 12 hours to clean the horse and its horses. But even in dirty conditions on the battlefield, keeping the horse neat has several purposes.

Implementing good grooming standards means horses are ready to fight. Grooming also helps prevent horse and saddle abrasions and keeps the horse longer. At the same time, it gives caregivers the opportunity to check their horses daily for pain, wounds or illness.

Veterinarians have been told to trim horses to help control skin infections, such as Manche, which is common in swamp areas on the western front. Unfortunately, this has led to an increase in the number of animals dying from exposure to cold and soil. In 1918, the order was relaxed, cutting only the legs and abdomen.

War Horse Care in World War I Part 2

Horse feeding

A horse needs ten times more food than an average soldier. During World War I, grass was apparently lacking due to grazing on the western front or the desert in the Middle East. This means horse feed is the largest commodity shipped to the front by many participating countries.

The need for transportation means that it must be metered. Of all the belligerent nations, British horses eat best. The maritime blockade forced Germans to replenish horse feed with sawdust, causing many to starve to death.

Horses are fed from nose bags rather than directly from the ground. This reduces waste and reduces the risk of horses getting sick from horse food. This also prevents a horse from stealing other people's food.

War Horse Care in World War I Part 2

Fare

Wartime horsebacks are sometimes expected to reach 40 miles (64 kilometers) per day. Iron horseshoes run out quickly and are usually replaced every month.

Horseshoes and shoemakers are needed to keep the horses moving. The main job of the hoof is to repair the hoof and put on shoes for the army. This combines the skills of a traditional blacksmith with some veterinary knowledge about the physiology and care of horseshoes.

Tools

Smith usually carries the required weight with him during the parade. The jockey will use various tools and nails to clean the hoof and change shoes.

Most cavalry are noncommissioned officers. Most served in artillery and cavalry regiments. One of their unpopular tasks is the humane transport of injured and sick horses.

War Horse Care in World War I Part 2

Medical service

During the war, horses suffered from low temperatures, long journeys and insufficient food. Equine diseases, respiratory diseases and soil-borne infections are also common, and fatigue, fatigue and laziness caused by work are also common.

Battle damage is rare. But thousands of horses still suffer bullet wounds, petrol bombs and even gunfire.

An examination

The main purpose of the Army Veterinarian is to prevent illness and injury, both of which caused huge losses in early conflict. The veterinarian checks the horses daily.

Many injured animals were damaged on the spot. But others were sent to the casualty checkpoint for emergency treatment. A hospital was established to treat sick horses sent from the front, and horse ambulances and trailers were developed to transport them.

War Horse Care in World War I Part 2

Picket

Accommodating a large number of horses in front is a difficult task. Not enough horses provide shelter for every animal.

When the Army recruited new horses, they tried to stabilize the horses without sending them to the front line in preparation for living outdoors. Instead, the horses were nailed outdoors.

Usually, many spikes are hammered to the ground, and a rope is passed through. Several horses can then be tied to the rope. However, after the picketing, the horse sometimes runs the risk of getting stuck in the sticky dirt on the western front.

War Horse Care in World War I Part 2

Humanitarian dispatch

During the war, thousands of horses, mues, camels, donkeys and cattle were killed or injured. Others are prone to fatigue and illness. Veterans must destroy them as they try to save as many people as possible.

Most people are shot dead, but sometimes professional tools are used. Release the single-shot unit shown above to remove the .310 cartridge. Launch it into the animal's skull to send it out as humanely as possible.